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Epiretinal membrane

Diseases

The epiretinal membrane (cellophane macula) is cell growth in the form of a membrane on the macula with a typical cellophane type. This is accompanied by reduced vision, distortion of images and dark spots in sight.

The macula is the central part of the retina responsible for clear and fine central vision. When the pathological process covers the macula, vision becomes abrupt. The epiretinal membrane is of vague origin, but is more common in patients with diabetic retinopathy, intraocular inflammatory diseases, vitreous detachment, vitreous mucilages, and more. The epiretinal membrane on the macula draws the retina and blood vessels to the center (macula), producing a distinctive image of cellophane, hence the name of the cellophane macula. Retaining itself is responsible for revealing the images.

In most cases, the epiretinal membrane only exists on the retina without reducing the eyesight and complaints from the patient. There is no need for treatment. But when the visual symptoms are very pronounced, the only treatment is surgical. The procedure is called vitrectomy, with special microsurgical instruments removing the membrane on the retina and thus removing its mechanical deformation. After 10 to 12 weeks of the procedure when the retina takes its normal position, visual improvement may be expected.

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